What are the Symptoms of Wilms Tumor?

Wilms tumor often presents no symptoms in its early stages, making it asymptomatic. However, as the tumor progresses, several symptoms may begin to emerge.

One of the most common symptoms is a swelling or lump in the abdomen, which is often first noticed by a parent or caregiver during routine activities like bathing or dressing the child. Although this mass may not cause discomfort, some children might experience abdominal pain. Hematuria, or blood in the urine, is another indicator of Wilms tumor. The urine may appear pink, red, or brown, but since blood in the urine can also signify other conditions, medical consultation is essential for an accurate diagnosis.

Abdominal pain can also occur in some children with Wilms tumor, possibly due to the tumor exerting pressure on nearby organs or its rapid growth. Additionally, Wilms tumor can lead to elevated blood pressure or hypertension, which might be identified during a routine pediatric check-up.

Other potential signs include unexplained weight loss or a sudden loss of appetite without a known cause. Children with Wilms tumor may also exhibit persistent, unexplained fever and fatigue. Less common symptoms can encompass nausea, constipation, shortness of breath, or a general feeling of malaise.

It is crucial to recognize that these symptoms are non-specific and can be indicative of various conditions, many of which are more common and less severe than Wilms tumor. Nonetheless, if your child displays one or more of these symptoms, consulting with a healthcare provider is important. Prompt detection and treatment of Wilms tumor can significantly improve the prognosis. In most cases, children with Wilms tumor can expect to lead healthy, normal lives following treatment.

Disclaimer: This blog post is intended solely for informational purposes. It is not meant to serve as medical advice. For professional medical guidance, please consult your doctor.


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