How Can I Manage Constipation During Prostate Cancer Treatment?

Constipation can be a common, yet often overlooked, side effect of prostate cancer treatment. It can be caused by a variety of factors, such as chemotherapy, certain pain medications, decreased physical activity, or dietary changes. 

Although constipation is relatively common, it should not be ignored, as it can greatly impact your quality of life. 

In this blog post, we will discuss various strategies to treat constipation during prostate cancer treatment.

Understanding Constipation

First, it is important to understand what constipation is. Generally, it involves having fewer than three bowel movements per week, experiencing hard stools, straining during bowel movements, or feeling like you cannot completely empty your bowels.

Managing Constipation During Prostate Cancer Treatment

Constipation during prostate cancer treatment can be managed through lifestyle changes and medications under the guidance of your health care team.

Lifestyle changes

Adjusting your diet can have a significant impact on managing constipation. Here are some steps you can take. 

Fiber Intake: Dietary fiber adds bulk to the stool, making it easier to pass. Foods high in fiber include whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes. 

Stay Hydrated: Lack of fluids can contribute to constipation. Aim to drink at least eight glasses of water per day, unless your doctor advises otherwise. 

Limit Foods that Worsen Constipation: In some individuals, certain foods may worsen constipation. If you notice a pattern of constipation with any food, try to limit these foods in your diet. 

Physical activity: Physical activity helps to stimulate the muscles in your intestines, aiding the movement of stool. Even light activities, such as a daily walk, can help. 

Bowel Routine: Establishing a regular bowel routine can also help manage constipation. This can involve setting aside time each day for bowel movement, typically after a meal, when the intestines are more active.

Medications and Supplements

Over-the-counter treatments such as stool softeners, fiber supplements, and laxatives can help manage constipation. 

However, it is crucial to consult your healthcare provider before starting any new medication or supplement, as some can interact with your cancer treatments. 

If constipation persists despite lifestyle changes and over-the-counter treatments, your doctor may prescribe medication specifically designed to treat constipation.


Living with constipation can add another layer of discomfort to those who already deal with the side effects of prostate cancer treatment. 

With the regular guidance of your healthcare team, which could involve incorporating strategies outlined above, one can effectively manage constipation during prostate cancer treatment and enhance overall well-being and comfort during this challenging time.


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