What causes high PSA?

Various factors can lead to high PSA (prostate-specific antigen) levels. Prostate cancer is one known cause of elevated PSA levels. Additionally, any issue with the prostate gland, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (an enlarged prostate) or inflammation of the prostate gland (prostatitis), can also result in high PSA levels.

Age is another contributing factor to high PSA levels in men. Typically, as men get older, their PSA levels tend to increase. Beyond medical conditions and age, lifestyle factors can also influence PSA levels. Activities such as sexual activity and strenuous exercise, especially cycling, have been known to raise PSA levels. Therefore, it is advisable to refrain from these activities at least 48 hours prior to undergoing a PSA test.

It is crucial to understand that a high PSA level does not automatically indicate a medical problem. Elevated PSA levels can be caused by a variety of factors, and further investigations are often needed to identify the specific cause. In essence, a high PSA level does not necessarily mean there is a health issue; it simply indicates that the cause of the elevated PSA warrants investigation.


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